I know that for a lot of undergraduate and graduate students that the research ethics approval process seems like it’s a tedious amount of paperwork to fill out — particularly in many of the social sciences where our research is quite innocuous. However, because of we have learned from past mistakes like the Milgram Experiments (see below for the full video — it’s worth a watch) or the Stanford Prison Experiments, it is vital to ensure that our research provides, on balance, value. This means that we have to take into account the well-being of our participants and not just the potential value of our outcomes.
Here is my introduction to the principles of research ethics:
This is the original 1962 video of the Milgram Experiments: